How to start investing: A guide to investing for beginners

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Are you one of those people who want to earn money and live rich? One of the best ways to grow money is to invest it. You can set aside the money while you’re busy with life and earn the reward for your investment in future. You must be asking yourself and others “How to start investing?”, we have an answer to your question. You must be confused as risking your hard-earned money for a chance to earn more could be scary. We put together a guide for investing for beginners which will make you realize that investing money doesn’t have to be complicated. Anyone can invest – including you.

A few terms that should be known by investors

After going through these terms, you will get to know more about how to start investing. These will help you in understanding the words used by investors. To sum it up, these will serve as a guide for investing for beginners.

  • Stock

A stock is defined as the share of ownership in any company. The value of the stock fluctuates according to the performance of the company.

  • Bond

Bond means that you lend money to the government and collect interest money on the maturity dates.

  • Mutual Fund

A mutual fund is an investment in assets like stocks with money collected from different words.

  • Expense Ratio:

This term refers to owning a fund, its annual maintenance and its administration fee. It also includes the funds taken for advertisements etc.

  • Price-to-earning ratio

Price-to-earnings ratio is essential when considering stock fundamentals. It compares the company’s stock price with its earnings.

Understand your type of investment

Before you put your money at stake and start investing, you need to understand your type of investment. By doing this, not only will you know exactly how to start investing, but your investment to profit ratio will also be increased. We have classified investing styles into three categories which are listed below. All in all, these play a part in a guide for investing for beginners.

  • DIY Investment

Do-It-Yourself Investment (DIY) requires you to do the research all by yourself. This means that you will have to keep a track of the stocks daily. Not only that, but you will also have full control over everything inside your business portfolio. To take charge of everything, you need to open a brokerage account with the help of a stockbroker. After opening the account, you can start the buying and selling of individual stocks.

  • Passive Investing

This approach is recommended for those people who cannot invest their time and interest in this business. You can either invest through a Robo advisor or in mutual funds. Using a Robo advisor will ease things for you as you will not have to be directly involved in the investing process.

  • Getting a stock advisor

This is a hybrid approach as it is a mixture of DIY and passive investing. You will have your broker account but the time-consuming work will be left to others. While getting the perception of an expert on choosing a stock, you can hire a stock advisor to do the work for you.

The investing principles

When talking about world’s greatest investors, one name surely crosses everyone’s mind; Warren Buffett. The secret to Warren Buffett achieving such high returns is smart investing and sticking to some investing principles. These principles will give you a guide for investing for beginners and will help you in smart investing for beginners. If understood and followed properly, these principles would surely help you in how to start investing.

  • Invest in what you know

Before you invest your money in a stock, you need to know its worth. You must know what the company does and how it makes money.

  • List down the criteria before buying a stock

You should always try to invest in a stock after listing down the criteria. This ensures that you don’t end up investing in something that doesn’t turn out in your favour.

  • Be aggressive during tough times

Even if it isn’t the right time to put your money at stake, you should not stop looking for opportunities. This will benefit in the long-term investment.

  • Day to day market movements don’t matter

Minor swings in the stock market should not take away your sleep. You should only buy the stock if you’re comfortable holding onto it for as long as even a decade. If you’ve done proper research, you will surely earn a significant amount of profit.

Determine your financial goal by setting a deadline

To properly understand the terminology of how to start investing, you need to understand the types of investments. These contribute to creating a guide for investing for beginners.

  • Short-Term Investment

Short-term investment is also named as the growth investment. As the name suggests, you will have to invest in a short amount of time. The strategy includes a peer to peer lending or depositing in a savings account. Each of the investment plans has its pros and cons. The pros of this investment plan include high liquidity which means that the money won’t be stuck for long. This also reduces the risk as there will be less time to be influenced by drops in the interest rates. However, on the other side, as the investment is for a short time, it is unlikely to return big profits.

  • Long-Term Investment

A long-term investment is also named as the buy-and-hold investment. As the name suggests, you will have to invest for a long time. The strategy consists of buying and holding stocks for many years. Investing in real estate is also amongst other long-term investing strategies. This investment plan is less risky as you get to hold onto the stock for a long time. This opens the opportunity to recover from sudden dips in the market. It is also less stressful as a daily track of the market is not to be kept. However, you will have to bound your money for a long period and it will require a lot of patience.

When to start and how much Capital is appropriate to start?

Now that you are familiar with the types and principles of investment, there would be a question revolving in your head. When to start? Well, there is no specific age for this, you can start whenever you feel like you’re ready. The earlier it is, the better it will turn out to be for you. By starting early, you create more opportunities to make more interests. You must think that since you’re not at the appropriate age, you won’t have the appropriate amount of money to start. That is not the case, investing for beginners with little money is quite possible.

Unfortunately, everything could not be covered in this article to provide a full-fledged explanation of how to start investing. However, we hope that this is good enough for a guide for investing for beginners. Good luck and happy investing!